Pregnancy and Oral health
Some women get swollen and sore gums, which may bleed, in pregnancy. Bleeding gums are caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. It is the world’s most prevalent disease. During pregnancy, however, hormonal changes can make your gums more vulnerable to plaque, leading to increased inflammation and bleeding. This is also called pregnancy gingivitis or gum disease.
Regular visits to your dentist during your pregnancy (usually 2 visits) and the hygienist (2-4 visits) will significantly reduce your susceptibility to gum disease and allow us to treat any active problems in the early stages. We will be able to assess your cleaning routine and dietary habits to promote the healthiest mouth possible. We will spend the time with you to ensure you are best equipped during those special months.
Here’s how you can look after your teeth and gums:
- Clean your teeth carefully twice a day for two minutes. Our team of dentists and hygienist will work together to show you how best to do this.
- Brushing is best with a small-headed toothbrush with soft filaments – make sure it’s comfortable to hold. We recommend the Sonicare Toothbrush for this purpose.
- Avoid having sugary drinks (such as fizzy drinks or sweet tea) and sugary foods too often – try to keep them to meal times.
- If you’re hungry between meals, snack on vegetables and avoid sugary or acidic foods. We all know about cravings during pregnancy!
- Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol.
- Stop smoking, as it can make gum disease worse.
Early on in your pregnancy, many women are affected by morning sickness. If you do indeed vomit, rinse your mouth afterwards with plain water or mouthwash. This will help prevent the acid in your vomit attacking your teeth. Do not brush your teeth straight away, as they will be softened by the acid from your stomach. Wait at least an hour before doing so.